Cocaine Addiction: Signs, Effects & Treatment Options

To find a support group in your area, talk to a healthcare provider or go online. Some people report that cocaine helps them think and perform tasks more quickly. It can also be smoked after being processed into a form called crack cocaine. Cocaine is a drug made from cocaine addiction treatment the leaves of the coca plant native to South America. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, about 15 percent of people in the United States have tried cocaine. People with SUD may benefit from 12-step programs in group settings to encourage recovery.

With the right treatment ― whether inpatient, outpatient, or otherwise ― you or a loved one can get the help needed to overcome substance use disorder. Treatment for a Cocaine addiction typically involves detox and therapy in an inpatient rehabilitation program. These programs greatly increase a person’s chances of a successful recovery, even though psychological dependence on Cocaine is a serious condition that’s difficult to overcome. Withdrawal from different categories of drugs — such as depressants, stimulants or opioids — produces different side effects and requires different approaches.

What to Know About Cocaine

After prolonged use, individuals can become tolerant to the effects and “binge”—taking more and more of the substance to keep the high going—for hours or even days. If you seek an inpatient program, you would be in a supervised setting where you are not able to obtain or use the drug. When you stop taking cocaine, you can experience severe withdrawal symptoms that need to be managed.

Johnson et al. (62) also evaluated the efficacy of topiramate in 142 cocaine-dependent subjects in a 12-week double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. In that trial, topiramate-treated subjects had significantly more cocaine nonuse days than placebo-treated subjects during weeks 6 to 12 of the trial. Cocaine nonuse days were determined by self-reporting, verified by urine drug screens.

Cocaine Addiction Treatment Levels of Care

Many who struggle with cocaine addiction benefit from integrated treatment for co-occurring substance and mental health disorders. For some individuals, seeking the next high becomes all-consuming, even at the expense of family or work responsibilities. Some people become unreliable and dishonest, and resort to stealing to fund their substance use. Pharmacological and behavioral treatments are the most effective options for cocaine addiction. Outpatient treatment, inpatient treatment, medications, therapy, or a combination of different treatment programs can help you recover from addiction. However, the CUD treatment landscape is pockmarked by the outcomes of under-powered studies with high dropout rates and poor medication adherence.

  • There is a direct association between craving and cocaine use, underscoring craving as an important treatment target for promoting abstinence among persons with cocaine use disorder.
  • Cocaine use was lower in the high-dose amphetamine group, but the difference was not statistically significant.
  • It can reinforce motivation to remain sober and target any underlying mental health issues, including anxiety and depression.
  • It’s possible to die from an overdose of crack or any other type of cocaine.
  • Animal studies of cocaine-induced neuroplasticity have demonstrated that changes in glutamate transmission in the nucleus accumbens are important for the development and expression of the neuroadaptations thought to underlie cocaine addiction (54).
  • Despite showing reduction in cocaine use overall, many patients do not respond to standard addiction treatments and there are often high dropout rates (10).

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